Abstract：In this study, the effects of ionic strength in recharging water and water-rock interaction during recharging on the migration and retention of bacteria in saturated porous media were studied through column experiments in laboratory, Scanning Electron Microscopy, infrared spectroscopy, photoelectron spectroscopy and other technologies were used reveal the influence of ionic strength on the evolution of biological clogging and its mechanism during artificial recharging. The results shown that, Suitable ionic strength stimulates the growth of bacteria and the production of extracellular polymers (EPS), which resulted in the hydraulic conductivity decreased by 99%. Excessive or low ionic strength inhibited the growth of microorganisms; Na+ from NaCl, neutralized the negative charge of sand and bacteria, enhanced the attachment of bacteria on the surface of the sand through compressed the electric double layers and reduced electrostatic repulsion; The hydrolysis of carbonate in the medium led to an increase of pH in environmental, which might induce the trace amounts of SiO2, Al2O3 dissolved in the medium, increased the porosity of the medium, delayed the occurrence time of biological clogging and relieve the clogging degree; In turn, ions such as exogenous Na+ and endogenous Ca2+, Al(III), Mg2+enhanced biomass production by stimulating the bacteria to produce more EPS, at the same time, chemical ions combined with the functional groups of EPS by new functional groups and chemical bonds to form new substances, which promoted the occurrence and evolution of clogging; The Mg2+, Ca2+ reacted with CO2 produced by bacterial respiration and formed new precipitate under slightly alkaline conditions and promoted clogging evolution.
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