Constraints relationship of wetland ecosystem services in Chongqing
GUAN Dong-jie1, ZHOU Li-lei2, LI Qiu-yan1, HU Shuai1, YUAN Xing-zhong3, YANG Hua4
1. College of Architecture and Urban Planning, Chongqing Jiaotong University, Chongqing 400074, China;
2. College of Resources and Environmental Science, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China;
3. State Key Laboratory of Coal Mine Disaster Dynamics and Control, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China;
4. Institute of Geography and Tourism, Chongqing Normal University, Chongqing 401331, China
Wetlands in Chongqing were picked up as cases to elucidate constraint relationship of ecosystem services. First, we calculated the services of water supply and conservation of water and soil at the year nodes of 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2015 by using the InVEST model. Then, the constraint relationship between the service of water supply and the service of conservation of water and soil was investigated. The results indicated that from 2000 to 2015, service of water supply was first declined from 395.41×104mm in 2000 to 238.89×104mm in 2010 and then increased to 286.36×104mm in 2015; meanwhile, the service of conservation of water and soil was increased from 85.74×106t in 2000 to 364.73×106t in 2015. Specifically, from 2000 to 2015, the total water supply for lake wetlands and paddy wetlands showed a first decreased and then increased trend, that for river wetlands and reservoir wetlands exhibited a converse trend, and that for swamp wetland showed a decreasing trend. Differently, from 2000 to 2015, the service of conservation of water and soil for lake wetlands, reservoir wetlands and paddy wetlands was first increased, and then decreased and again increased, that for river wetlands showed an increasing trend, and that for swamp wetland showed a first increased and then decreased trend. In addition, at the landscape level, there was a hump-shaped constraint effect between services of water supply and services of conservation of water and soil from 2000 to 2015; at the ecological level, from 2000 to 2015, there were double hump restraint, index constraint and hump-shaped constraint effect between these two kinds of services in the reservoir wetlands, the double hump restraint and hump-shaped constraint effect in the river wetland, and the hump-shaped constraint effect in the paddy wetland.
Yang G, Ge Y, Xue H, et al. Using ecosystem service bundles to detect trade-offs and synergies across urban-rural complexes[J]. Landscape and Urban Planning, 2015,136:110-121.
Fu Y, Zhao J, Peng W, et al. Spatial modelling of the regulating function of the Huangqihai Lake wetland ecosystem[J]. Journal of Hydrology, 2018,564:283-293.
Mitsch W J, Gosselink J G, Zhang L, et al. Wetland ecosystems[M]. John Wiley & Sons, 2009:2-17.
Sun B, Cui L, Li W, et al. A Space-Scale Estimation Method based on continuous wavelet transform for coastal wetland ecosystem services in Liaoning Province, China[J]. Ocean & Coastal Management, 2018,157:138-146.
Mondal B, Dolui G, Pramanik M, et al. Urban expansion and wetland shrinkage estimation using a GIS-based model in the East Kolkata Wetland, India[J]. Ecological Indicators, 2017,83:62-73.
Mitsch W J, Gosselink J G. The value of wetlands:importance of scale and landscape setting[J]. Ecological Economics, 2000,35(1):25-33.
Shi F, Weaver D, Zhao Y, et al. Toward an ecological civilization:Mass comprehensive ecotourism indications among domestic visitors to a Chinese wetland protected area[J]. Tourism Management, 2019,70:59-68.
Clarkson B R, Ausseil A-G E, Gerbeaux P. Wetland ecosystem services[J]. Ecosystem services in New Zealand:conditions and trends Manaaki Whenua Press, Lincoln, 2013,192-202.
Langan C, Farmer J, Rivington M, et al. Tropical wetland ecosystem service assessments in East Africa; A review of approaches and challenges[J]. Environmental Modelling & Software, 2018,102:260-273.
Orimoloye I R, Kalumba A M, Mazinyo S P, et al. Geospatial analysis of wetland dynamics:Wetland depletion and biodiversity conservation of Isimangaliso Wetland, South Africa[J]. Journal of King Saud University-Science, 2018,doi:10.1016/j.jksus.2018.0-3.004.
Hu S, Niu Z, Chen Y, et al. Global wetlands:Potential distribution, wetland loss, and status[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2017, 586:319-327.
Yunfu G, Wang Y, Xiang Q, et al. Implications of wetland degradation for the potential denitrifying activity and bacterial populations with nirS genes as found in a succession in Qinghai-Tibet plateau, China[J]. European Journal of Soil Biology, 2017,80:19-26.
Jiang W, Lv J, Wang C, et al. Marsh wetland degradation risk assessment and change analysis:A case study in the Zoige Plateau, China[J]. Ecological Indicators, 2017,82:316-326.
Masi F, Rizzo A, Regelsberger M. The role of constructed wetlands in a new circular economy, resource oriented, and ecosystem services paradigm[J]. Journal of Environmental Management, 2018,216:275-284.
Meng W, He M, Hu B, et al. Status of wetlands in China:A review of extent, degradation, issues and recommendations for improvement[J]. Ocean & Coastal Management, 2017,146:50-59.
卢晓宁,黄玥,洪佳,等.基于Landsat的黄河三角洲湿地景观时空格局演变[J]. 中国环境科学, 2018,38(11):4314-4324. Lu X N, Huang Y, Hong J, et al. Spatial and temporal variations in wetland landscape patterns in the Yellow River Delta based on Landsat image[J]. China Environmental Science, 2018,38(11):4314-4324.
Behn K, Becker M, Burghof S, et al. Using vegetation attributes to rapidly assess degradation of East African wetlands[J]. Ecological Indicators, 2018,89:250-259.
南箔,杨子寒,付齐,等.生态系统服务价值与人类活动的时空关联分析——以长江中游华阳河湖群地区为例[J]. 中国环境科学, 2018,38(9):3531-3541. Nan B, Yang Z H, Fu Q, et al. Spatial-temporal correlation analysis of ecosystem services value and human activities-a case study of Huayang lakes area in the middle reaches of Yangtze River[J]. China Environmental Science, 2018,38(9):3531-3541.
Costanza R, Groot R D, Braat L, et al. Twenty years of ecosystem services:How far have we come and how far do we still need to go?[J]. Ecosystem Services, 2017,28:1-16.
Silva L V D, Everard M, Shore R G. Ecosystem services assessment at Steart Peninsula, Somerset, UK[J]. Ecosystem Services, 2014,10:19-34.
Sun B, Cui L, Li W, et al. A meta-analysis of coastal wetland ecosystem services in Liaoning Province, China[J]. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 2018,200:349-358.
Yang W, Jin Y, Sun T, et al. Trade-offs among ecosystem services in coastal wetlands under the effects of reclamation activities[J]. Ecological Indicators, 2018,92:354-366.
Sharma B, Rasul G, Chettri N. The economic value of wetland ecosystem services:Evidence from the Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve, Nepal[J]. Ecosystem Services, 2015,12:84-93.
Aziz A A, Phinn S, Dargusch P. Investigating the decline of ecosystem services in a production mangrove forest using Landsat and objectbased image analysis[J]. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 2015, 164:353-366.
Sinclair M, Ghermandi A, Sheela A M. A crowdsourced valuation of recreational ecosystem services using social media data:An application to a tropical wetland in India[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2018,642:356-365.
Muenzel D, Martino S. Assessing the feasibility of carbon payments and payments for ecosystem services to reduce livestock grazing pressure on saltmarshes[J]. Journal of Environmental Management, 2018,225:46-61.
Yan Y, Guan Q, Wang M, et al. Assessment of nitrogen reduction by constructed wetland based on InVEST:A case study of the Jiulong River Watershed, China[J]. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 2018,133:349-356.
赵阳,张艺,涂志华,等.基于生态服务价值的多目标水源地土地利用结构优化[J]. 中国环境科学, 2014,34(1):232-238. Zhao Y, Zhang Y, Tu Z H, et al. Multi-objective optimization of land use structures for water resources area based on eco-service value[J]. China Environmental Science, 2014,34(1):232-238.
李月臣,刘春霞,闵婕,等.三峡库区生态系统服务功能重要性评价[J]. 生态学报, 2013,33(1):168-178. Li Y C, Liu C X, Min J, et al. RS/GIS-based integrated evaluation of the ecosystem services of the Three Gorges Reservoir area (Chongqing section)[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2013,33(1):168-178.
尹小娟,宋晓谕,蔡国英.湿地生态系统服务估值研究进展[J]. 冰川冻土, 2014,36(3):759-766. Yin X J, Song X Y, Cai G Y. Valuation of wetland ecosystem services:Progress and perspectives[J]. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 2014,36(3):759-766.
张翼然,周德民,刘苗.中国内陆湿地生态系统服务价值评估——以71个湿地案例点为数据源[J]. 生态学报, 2015,35(13):4279-4286. Zhang Y R, Zhou D M, Liu M. Ecosystem service valuation research of Chinese inland wetlands based on case study[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2015,35(13):4279-4286.
Hao R, Yu D, Wu J. Relationship between paired ecosystem services in the grassland and agro-pastoral transitional zone of China using the constraint line method[J]. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 2017,240:171-181.
Bennett E M, Peterson G D, Gordon L J. Understanding relationships among multiple ecosystem services[J]. Ecology Letters, 2009, 12(12):1394-1404.
Carpenter S R, Caraco N F, Correll D L, et al. Nonpoint pollution of surface waters with phosphorus and nitrogen[J]. Ecological applications, 1998,8(3):559-568.
Hughes T P, Rodrigues M J, Bellwood D R, et al. Phase shifts, herbivory, and the resilience of coral reefs to climate change[J]. Current Biology, 2007,17(4):360-365.
Richards D R, Moggridge H L, Maltby L, et al. Impacts of habitat heterogeneity on the provision of multiple ecosystem services in a temperate floodplain[J]. Basic and Applied Ecology, 2018,29:32-43.
Harmácková Z V, Vackár D. Modelling regulating ecosystem services trade-offs across landscape scenarios in Treboňsko Wetlands Biosphere Reserve, Czech Republic[J]. Ecological Modelling, 2015, 295:207-215.
Zhao M, Peng J, Liu Y, et al. Mapping watershed-level ecosystem service bundles in the Pearl River Delta, China[J]. Ecological Economics, 2018,152:106-117.
Raudsepphearne C, Peterson G D, Bennett E M. Ecosystem service bundles for analyzing tradeoffs in diverse landscapes[J]. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2010,107(11):5242-5247.
Lester S E, Costello C, Halpern B S, et al. Evaluating tradeoffs among ecosystem services to inform marine spatial planning[J]. Marine Policy, 2013,38:80-89.
国家科技基础条件平台,国家地球系统科学数据共享服务平台[EB/OL].[2018-3-8].www.geodata.cn. National science and technology infrastructure, National earth system science data sharing infrastructure[EB/OL].[2018-3-8]. www.geodata.cn.
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (ⅡASA), Harmonized World Soil Database[EB/OL].[2018-3-9]. http://webarchive.iiasa.ac.at/Research/LUC/External-World-soil-database/.
Wu X, Wang S, Fu B, et al. Land use optimization based on ecosystem service assessment:A case study in the Yanhe watershed[J]. Land Use Policy, 2018,72:303-312.
Hargreaves G H, Samani Z A. Reference crop evapotranspiration from temperature[J]. Applied engineering in agriculture, 1985,1(2):96-99.
Zhou W, Liu G, Pan J, et al. Distribution of available soil water capacity in China[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2005,15(1):3-12.
刘军会,马苏,高吉喜,等.区域尺度生态保护红线划定——以京津冀地区为例[J]. 中国环境科学, 2018,38(7):2652-2657. Liu J H, Ma S, Gao J X, et al. Delimiting the ecological conservation redline at regional scale:A case study of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region[J]. China Environmental Science, 2018,38(7):2652-2657.
Natural capital project. InVEST User Guide[EB/OL].[2018-5-10]. http://data.naturalcapitalproject.org/nightly-build/invest-users-guide/html/.
Wischmeier W H, Smith D D. Predicting rainfall erosion losses-a guide to conservation planning[D]. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture, 1978.
Wischmeier and Smith's Empirical Soil Loss Model (USLE)[EB/OL].[2018-5-10]. http://www.fao.org/docrep/t1765e/t1765e0e.htm.
Desmet P, Govers G. A GIS procedure for automatically calculating the USLE LS factor on topographically complex landscape units[J]. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 1996,51(5):427-433.
Renard K G, Foster G R, Weesies G, et al. Predicting soil erosion by water:a guide to conservation planning with the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE)[M]. United States Department of Agriculture Washington, DC, 1997:105-112.
刘睿,周李磊,彭瑶,等.三峡库区重庆段土壤保持服务时空分布格局研究[J]. 长江流域资源与环境, 2016,25(6):932-942. Liu R, Zhou L L, Peng Y, et al. Spatio-temporal variations of soil conservation services in Three Gorges Reservoir area of Chongqing[J]. Resources and Environment in Yangtze Basin, 2016,25(6):932-942.
唐寅,代数,蒋光毅,等.重庆市坡耕地植被覆盖与管理因子C值计算与分析[J]. 水土保持学报, 2010,24(6):53-59. Tang Y, Dai S, Jiang G Y, et al. Calculation and analysis of the vegetation cover and management factor C value in slope farmland of Chongqing area[J]. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 2010, 24(6):53-59.
Guo Q, Rundel P W. Self-thinning in early postfire chaparral succession:Mechanisms, implications, and a combined approach[J]. Ecology, 1998,79(2):579-586.
Webb R. Use of the boundary line in the analysis of biological data[J]. Journal of Horticultural Science, 1972,47(3):309-319.
郝蕊芳,于德永,邬建国,等.约束线方法在生态学研究中的应用[J]. 植物生态学报, 2016,40(10):1100-1109. Hao R F, Yu D Y, Wu J G, et al. Constraint line methods and the applications in ecology[J]. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 2016,40(10):1100-1109.
Mills A, Fey M, Donaldson J, et al. Soil infiltrability as a driver of plant cover and species richness in the semi-arid Karoo, South Africa[J]. Plant and soil, 2009,320(1/2):321-332.
Strong W. Tree canopy effects on understory species abundance in high-latitude Populus tremuloides stands, Yukon, Canada[J]. Community ecology, 2011,12(1):89-98.
Thomson J D, Weiblen G, Thomson B A, et al. Untangling multiple factors in spatial distributions:lilies, gophers, and rocks[J]. Ecology, 1996,77(6):1698-1715.
Zorrillamiras P, Palomo I, Gómez-baggethun E, et al. Effects of land-use change on wetland ecosystem services:A case study in the Doñana marshes (SW Spain)[J]. Landscape and Urban Planning, 2014,122:160-174.
Nearing M, Pruski F, O'neal M. Expected climate change impacts on soil erosion rates:a review[J]. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 2004,59(1):43-50.