Occurrence and ecological risk of parabens in water environment in Xiong'an New Area
ZHAO Xue1,2, ZHENG Yi2, FU Cai-xia2, QIU Wen-hui2, WANG Wen-ke3, DUAN Lei3, ZHAO Ting2
1. School of Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China; 2. School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen 518055, China; 3. School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Chang'an University, Xi'an 710054, China
Abstract：Surface water (SW) and groundwater (GW) samples were taken from Xiong'an New Area and the vicinity of Baoding in June 2019. Concentrations of seven parabens were determined for these samples and the associated ecological risk was assessed. The detection rates of MeP and PrP were 100%. MeP was found to be the predominant compound in SW samples, with a mass contribution of 93.4%, and MeP, EtP and PrP were the predominant compounds in GW samples, with a total mass contribution of 98.0%. The GW samples overall had a higher content of parabens than the SW samples. In space, the SW samples downstream Baiyang Lake showed higher concentrations of parabens than those upstream of Baiyang Lake, while GW samples taken from Anxin County had relatively high concentrations of parabens (10.1ng/L on average). Overall, the water pollution level of parabens, as well as the associated ecological risk, was relatively low in the study area. This study offered reference values for water quality management in the future development of Xiong'an New Area, and sheds light on studies of other PPCPs in the same area.
赵雪, 郑一, 付彩霞, 裘文慧, 王文科, 段磊, 赵婷. 雄安新区水环境中对羟基苯甲酸酯含量及风险[J]. 中国环境科学, 2021, 41(4): 1893-1899.
ZHAO Xue, ZHENG Yi, FU Cai-xia, QIU Wen-hui, WANG Wen-ke, DUAN Lei, ZHAO Ting. Occurrence and ecological risk of parabens in water environment in Xiong'an New Area. CHINA ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCECE, 2021, 41(4): 1893-1899.
Soni M, Carabin I, Burdock G. Safety assessment of esters of p-hydroxybenzoic acid (parabens)[J]. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 2005,43(7):985-1015.
GB2760-2007食品添加剂使用卫生标准[S]. GB2760-2007 Sanitary Standards of Using Food Additives[S].
Błędzka D, Gromadzińska J, Wąsowicz W. Parabens. From environmental studies to human health[J]. Environment International, 2014,67:27-42.
Reichert G, Mizukawa A, Antonelli J, et al. Determination of parabens, triclosan, and lipid regulators in a subtropical urban river:effects of urban occupation[J]. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 2020,231(3):133.
Ma X Q, Wan Y J, Wu M Y, et al. Occurrence of benzophenones, parabens and triclosan in the Yangtze River of China, and the implications for human exposure[J]. Chemosphere, 2018,213:517-525.
Chakraborty P, Mukhopadhyay M, Sampath S, et al. Organic micropollutants in the riverine sedimentsalong the lower stretch of the River Ganga:occurrences, sources and risk assessment[J]. Environmental Pollution, 2018,249:1071-1080.
Serra-Roig M P, Jurado A, Díaz-Cruz M S, et al. Occurrence, fate and risk assessment of personal care products in river-groundwater interface[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2016,568:829-837.
Peng X Z, Ou W H, Wang C W, et al. Occurrence and ecological potential of pharmaceuticals and personal care products in groundwater and reservoirs in the vicinity of municipal landfills in China[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2014,490:889-898.
Xue J C, Wu Q, Sakthivel S, et al. Urinary levels of endocrine-disrupting chemicals, including bisphenols, bisphenol A diglycidyl ethers, benzophenones, parabens, and triclosan in obese and non-obese Indian children[J]. Environmental Research, 2015,137:120-128.
Teitelbaum S L, Li Q, Lambertini L, et al. Paired serum and urine concentrations of biomarkers of diethyl phthalate, methyl paraben, and triclosan in rats[J]. Environmental Health Perspectives, 2016,124(1):39-45.
Oishi S. Effects of butylparaben on the male reproductive system in rats[J]. Toxicology and Industrial Health, 2001,17(1):31-39.
Darbre P, Byford J, Shaw L, et al. Oestrogenic activity of benzylparaben[J]. Journal of Applied Toxicology, 2003,23(1):43-51.
Lemini C, Jaimez R, Ãvila M E, et al. In vivo and in vitro estrogen bioactivities of alkyl parabens[J]. Toxicology and Industrial Health, 2003,19(2-6):69-79.
Byford J, Shaw L, Drew M, et al. Oestrogenic activity of parabens in MCF7human breast cancer cells[J]. The Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular biology, 2002,80(1):49-60.
Okubo T, Yokoyama Y, Kano K, et al. ER-dependent estrogenic activity of parabens assessed by proliferation of human breast cancer MCF-7cells and expression of ERα and PR[J]. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 2001,39(12):1225-1232.
Watkins D J, Ferguson K K, Toro L, et al. Associations between urinary phenol and paraben concentrations and markers of oxidative stress and inflammation among pregnant women in Puerto Rico[J]. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, 2015, 218(2):212-219.
林娜.雄安新区白洋淀生态环境修复和治理[J]. 科技风, 2019,4:110-110. Lin N. Restoration and treatment of the ecological environment in Baiyang Lake, Xiong'an New Area[J]. Technology Wind, 2019,(4):110-110.
Chen C Y, Pickhardt P C, Folt M Q X L. Mercury and arsenic bioaccumulation and eutrophication in Baiyangdian Lake, China[J]. Water Air and Soil Pollution, 2008,190(1-4):115-127.
Hu G C, Dai J Y, Xu Z C, et al. Bioaccumulation behavior of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in the freshwater food chain of Baiyangdian Lake, North China[J]. Environment International, 2010,22(2):176-183.
Hu G C, Luo X J, Li F C, et al. Organochlorine compounds and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in surface sediment from Baiyangdian Lake, North China:concentrations, sources profiles and potential risk[J]. Journal of Environmental Sciences, 2010,36(4):309-315.
Li W H, Shi Y L, Gao L H, et al. Occurrence of antibiotics in water, sediments, aquatic plants, and animals from Baiyangdian Lake in North China[J]. Chemosphere, 2012,89(11):1307-1315.
赵本龙,马占辉,赵建永.雄安新区水文要素特性分析[J]. 水科学与工程技术, 2018,3:47-49. Zhao B L, Ma Z H, Zhao J Y.[J]. Analysis of the characteristics of hydrological factors in Xiong'an New Area[J]. Water Sciences and Engineering Technology, 2018,3:47-49.
SL219-2013水环境监测规范[S]. SL219-2013 Regulation for water environmental monitoring[S].
陈玫宏,郭敏,刘丹,等.典型内分泌干扰物在太湖及其支流水体和沉积物中的污染特征[J]. 中国环境科学, 2017,37(114):4323-4332. Chen M H, Guo M, Liu D, et al. Occurrence and distribution of typical endocrine disruptors in surface water and sediments from Taihu Lake and its tributaries[J]. China Environmental Science, 2017,37(114):4323-4332.
Dobbins L L, Usenko S, Brain R A, et al. Probabilistic ecological hazard assessment of parabens using Daphnia magna and Pimephales promelas[J]. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 2009,28(12):2744-2753.
Nassan F L, Coull B A, Gaskins A J, et al. Personal care product use in men and urinary concentrations of select phthalate metabolites and parabens:results from the environment and reproductive health (EARTH) study[J]. Environmental Health Perspectives, 2017,125(8):087012-1-087012-10.
Li W H, Gao L H, Shi Y L, et al. Spatial distribution, temporal variation and risks of parabens and their chlorinated derivatives in urban surface water in Beijing, China[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2016,539:262-270.
Lu J, Li H P, Luo Z F, et al. Occurrence, distribution, and environmental risk of four categories of personal care products in the Xiangjiang River, China[J]. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2018,25(27):27524-27534.
Peng X Z, Yu Y Y, Tang C M, et al. Occurrence of steroid estrogens, endocrine-disrupting phenols, and acid pharmaceutical residues in urban riverine water of the Pearl River Delta, South China[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2008,397(1):158-166.
Liu W R, Zhao J L, Liu Y S, et al. Biocides in the Yangtze River of China:spatiotemporal distribution, mass load and risk assessment[J]. Environmental Pollution, 2015,200:53-63.
Lei K, Zhu Y, Chen W, et al. The occurrence of home and personal care products in the Haihe River catchment and estimation of human exposure[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2018,643:63-72.
Juksu K, Zhao J L, Liu Y S, et al. Occurrence, fate and risk assessment of biocides in wastewater treatment plants and aquatic environments in Thailand[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2019,690:1110-1119.
Kimura K, Kameda Y, Yamamoto H, et al. Occurrence of preservatives and antimicrobials in Japanese rivers[J]. Chemosphere, 2014,107(11):393-399.
Kasprzyk-Hordern B, Dinsdale R M, Guwy A J. The occurrence of pharmaceuticals, personal care products, endocrine disruptors and illicit drugs in surface water in South Wales, UK[J]. Water Research, 2008,42(13):3498-3518.
Jonkers N, Kohler H P E, Dammshäuser A, et al. Mass flows of endocrine disruptors in the Glatt River during varying weather conditions[J]. Environmental Pollution, 2009,157(3):714-723.
王彬.保定市地下水污染现状浅析[J]. 地下水, 2013,35(4):65-66,94. Wang B. Brief analysis on the current situation of groundwater pollution in Baoding[J]. Ground Water, 2013,35(4):65-66,94.
Stuart M, Lapworth D, Crane E, et al. Review of risk from potential emerging contaminants in UK groundwater[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2012,416:1-21.
王珺,裴元生,杨志峰.营养盐对白洋淀草型富营养化的驱动与限制[J]. 中国环境科学, 2010,30(S1):7-13. Wang J, Pei Y S, Yang Z F. Effects of nutrients on the plant type eutrophication of the Baiyangdian Lake[J]. China Environmental Science, 2010,30(S1):7-13.
梅雪冰,隋倩,张紫薇,等.不同特征污染源中指示性药物和个人护理品识别与筛选[J]. 中国环境科学, 2019,39(3):1173-1180. Mei X B, Sui Q, Zhang Z W, et al. Identification of indicator pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCPs) in different emission sources[J]. China Environmental Science, 2019,39(3):1173-1180.
Huang C, Wu L H, Liu G Q, et al. Occurrence and ecological risk assessment of eight endocrine-disrupting chemicals in urban river water and sediments of south China[J]. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 2018,75(2):224-235.
Ramaswamy B R, Shanmugam G, Velu G, et al. GC-MS analysis and ecotoxicological risk assessment of triclosan, carbamazepine and parabens in Indian rivers[J]. Journal of Hazardous materials, 2011, 186(2/3):1586-1593.
Garrido E, Camacho-Muñoz D, Martín J, et al. Monitoring of emerging pollutants in Guadiamar River basin (South of Spain):analytical method, spatial distribution and environmental risk assessment[J]. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2016, 23(24):25127-25144.
Zhang C, Shan B Q, Zhao Y, et al. Spatial distribution, fractionation, toxicity and risk assessment of surface sediments from the Baiyangdian Lake in northern China[J]. Ecological Indicators, 2018, 90:633-642.