Research progress on the occurrence and influencing factors of antibiotic resistance genes in aquaculture environment
LI Shi-sheng1,2, GAO Hui2, ZHAO Fu-qiang2,4, CHEN Yi-qin2, ZHANG Ke-yu1,2, HUANG Jia-jin1,2, NA Guang-shui1,2,3
1. College of Marine Ecology and Environment, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, China; 2. National Marine Environmental Monitoring Center, Dalian 116023, China; 3. College of Ecology and Environment, Hainan Tropical Ocean University, Sanya 572022, China; 4. College of Marine Technology and Environment, Dalian Ocean University, Dalian 116023, China
Abstract：It is important to clarify the contamination status of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in the aquaculture environment in China. In this paper, the current status of the occurrence of seven major classes of resistance genes in aquaculture environmental water, sediment and aquatic products was counted. The factors influencing their occurrence were further analyzed. The future research on the pollution of ARGs in aquaculture in China was prospected. ARGs in the aquaculture environment are mainly in the form of iDNA. Sulfonamide and tetracycline resistance genes are considered to be the major ARGs in aquaculture environments due to their high abundance and detection rates, while the abundance and detection rate of quinolones, chloramphenicol, β-lactams, macrolides and aminoglycosides resistance genes are reported to be relatively low. In the process of aquaculture, aquaculture drugs, feed and culture mode are the main factors affecting the occurrence of ARGs in aquaculture environment, but the role of environmental physical and chemical factors in regulating ARGs in aquaculture environment cannot be ignored.
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